Enhanced kinematic model for dexterous manipulation with an underactuated hand

TitleEnhanced kinematic model for dexterous manipulation with an underactuated hand
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Conference2013
AuthorsSu, Y, Wu Y, Soh Z, Du Z, Demiris Y
Conference NameIEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)

Recent studies on underactuated manipulation usually describe the system with a Kinematic Model (KM), which is built by adding external constraints to the standard manipulation analysis method. However, such external constraints are easily violated in a real-world dexterous manipulation task which results in significant control errors. In this work, the Enhanced Kinematic Model (E-KM), an integrated model of the KM and the Sparse Online Gaussian Process (SOGP) is proposed. The E-KM can compensate the shortfalls of the KM by on-the-fly training the SOGP on the residual between the prediction of the KM and the ground truth data. Based on the E-KM, we further contribute an optimal controller for underactuated manipulations. This optimal E-KM controller is implemented and tested on the iCub, a humanoid robot with two anthropomorphic underactuated hands. Two sets of real-world experiments are carried out to verify our method. The results demonstrate that the controller using E-KM statistically can achieve higher control accuracy than using solely using the KM for a wide range of objects.


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